A molecular mechanism for LINC complex branching by structurally diverse SUN-KASH 6:6 assemblies
Manickam Gurusaran, Owen R Davies
Received Date: 11th May 20
The LINC complex mechanically couples cytoskeletal and nuclear components across the nuclear envelope to fulfil a myriad of cellular functions, including nuclear shape and positioning, hearing and meiotic chromosome movements. The canonical model of the LINC complex is of individual linear nucleocytoskeletal linkages provided by 3:3 interactions between SUN and KASH proteins. Here, we provide crystallographic and biophysical evidence that SUN-KASH is a constitutive 6:6 complex in which two SUN trimers interact back-to-back. A common SUN-KASH topology is achieved through structurally diverse 6:6 interaction mechanisms by distinct KASH proteins, including zinc-coordination by Nesprin-4. The SUN-KASH 6:6 complex is incompatible with the current model of a linear LINC complex and instead suggests the formation of a branched LINC complex network. In this model, SUN-KASH 6:6 complexes act as nodes for force distribution and integration between adjacent SUN and KASH molecules, enabling the coordinated transduction of large forces across the nuclear envelope.
Read in full at bioRxiv.
This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.