Common variants in breast cancer risk loci predispose to distinct tumor subtypes

Thomas U. Ahearn, et al.

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Received Date: 18th May 20

Thomas U. Ahearn, Haoyu Zhang, Kyriaki Michailidou, Roger L. Milne, Manjeet K. Bolla, Joe Dennis, Alison M. Dunning, Michael Lush, Qin Wang, Irene L. Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Kristan J. Aronson, Paul L. Auer, Annelie Augustinsson, Adinda Baten, Heiko Becher, Sabine Behrens, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Carl Blomqvist, Stig E. Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Federico Canzian, Jose E. Castelao, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen J. Chanock, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Christine L. Clarke, NBCS Collaborators, J.Margriet Collée, Angela Cox, Simon S. Cross, Kamila Czene, Mary B. Daly, Peter Devilee, Thilo Dörk, Miriam Dwek, Diana M. Eccles, D.Gareth Evans, Peter A. Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Giuseppe Floris, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Susan M. Gapstur, José A. García-Sáenz, Mia M. Gaudet, Graham G. Giles, Mark S. Goldberg, David E. Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Grethe I. GrenakerAlnæs, Mervi Grip, Pascal Guénel, Christopher A. Haiman, Per Hall, Ute Torres, Elaine F. Harkness, Bernadette A.M. Heemskerk-Gerritsen, Bernd Holleczek, Antoinette Hollestelle, Maartje J. Hooning, Robert N. Hoover, John L. Hopper, Anthony Howell, kConFab/AOCS Investigators, Milena Jakimovska, Anna Jakubowska, Esther M. John, Michael E. Jones, Audrey Jung, Rudolf Kaaks, Saila Kauppila, Renske Keeman, Elza Khusnutdinova, Cari M. Kitahara, Yon-Dschun Ko, Stella Koutros, Vessela N. Kristensen, Ute Krüger, Katerina Kubelka-Sabit, Allison W. Kurian, Kyriacos Kyriacou, Diether Lambrechts, Derrick G. Lee, Annika Lindblom, Martha Linet, Jolanta Lissowska, Ana Llaneza, Wing-Yee Lo, Robert J. MacInnis, Arto Mannermaa, Mehdi Manoochehri, Sara Margolin, Maria Elena Martinez, Catriona McLean, Alfons Meindl, Usha Menon, Heli Nevanlinna, William G. Newman, Jesse Nodora, Kenneth Offit, Håkan Olsson, Nick Orr, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Julian Peto, Guillermo Pita, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Ross Prentice, Kevin Punie, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Gad Rennert, Atocha Romero, Thomas Rüdiger, Emmanouil Saloustros, Sarah Sampson, Dale P. Sandler, Elinor J. Sawyer, Rita K. Schmutzler, Minouk J. Schoemaker, Ben Schöttker, Mark E. Sherman, Xiao-Ou Shu, Snezhana Smichkoska, Melissa C. Southey, John J. Spinelli, Anthony J. Swerdlow, Rulla M. Tamimi, William J. Tapper, Jack A. Taylor, MaryBeth Terry, Diana Torres, Melissa A. Troester, Celine M. Vachon, Carolien H.M. van Deurzen, Elke M. van Veen, Philippe Wagner, Clarice R. Weinberg, Camilla Wendt, Jelle Wesseling, Robert Winqvist, Alicja Wolk, Xiaohong R. Yang, Wei Zheng, Fergus J. Couch, Jacques Simard, Peter Kraft, Douglas F. Easton, Paul D.P. Pharoah, Marjanka K. Schmidt, Montserrat García-Closas, Nilanjan Chatterjee

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified over 170 common breast cancer susceptibility variants using standard GWAS methods. Many of these variants have differential associations by estrogen receptor (ER), but how these variants relate with other tumor features and intrinsic molecular subtypes is unclear. We used two-stage polytomous logistic regression models to evaluate variants in relation to multiple tumor features (ER, progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and grade) adjusting for each other, and to intrinsic-like subtypes. Eighty-five of 178 variants were associated with at least one tumor feature (false discovery rate <5%), most commonly ER and grade followed by PR and HER2. Case-control comparisons among these 85 variants identified 65 variants strongly or exclusively associated (P<0.05) with luminal-like subtypes, 5 variants associated with all subtypes at differing strengths and 15 variants primarily associated with non-luminal subtypes, especially triple-negative (TN) disease. Five variants were associated with risk of Luminal A-like and TN subtypes in opposite directions. This report demonstrates a high level of complexity in the etiology heterogeneity of breast cancer susceptibility loci and can inform investigations of subtype-specific risk prediction.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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