Epigenome dysregulation resulting from NSD1 mutation in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Nargess Farhangdoost, Cynthia Horth, Bo Hu, Eric Bareke, Xiao Chen, Yinglu Li, Mariel Coradin, Benjamin A. Garcia, Chao Lu, Jacek Majewski

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Received Date: 19th May 20

Epigenetic dysregulation has emerged as an important mechanism of oncogenesis. To develop targeted treatments, it is important to understand the epigenetic and transcriptomic consequences of mutations in epigenetic modifier genes. Recently, mutations in the histone methyltransferase gene NSD1 have been identified in a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) – one of the most common and deadly cancers. Here, we use whole (epi)genome approaches and genome editing to dissect the downstream effects of loss of NSD1 in HNSCC. We demonstrate that NSD1 mutations are directly responsible for the loss of intergenic H3K36me2 domains, followed by loss of DNA methylation, and gain of H3K27me3 in the affected genomic regions. We further show that those regions are enriched in cis-regulatory elements and that subsequent loss of H3K27ac correlates with reduced expression of their target genes. Our analysis identifies genes and pathways affected by the loss of NSD1 and paves the way to further understanding the interplay among chromatin modifications in cancer.

Read in full at bioRxiv.

This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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