The interaction of DNA repair factors ASCC2 and ASCC3 is affected by somatic cancer mutations

Junqiao Jia, Eva Absmeier, Nicole Holton, Agnieszka J. Pietrzyk-Brzezinska, Philipp Hackert, Katherine E. Bohnsack, Markus T. Bohnsack, Markus C. Wahl

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Received Date: 13th May 20

The ASCC3 subunit of the activating signal co-integrator complex is a dual-cassette Ski2-like nucleic acid helicase that provides single-stranded DNA for alkylation damage repair by the α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase, AlkBH3. Other ASCC components integrate ASCC3/AlkBH3 into a complex DNA repair pathway. We mapped and structurally analyzed interacting ASCC2 and ASCC3 regions. The ASCC3 fragment comprises a central helical domain and terminal, extended arms that clasp the compact ASCC2 unit. ASCC2-ASCC3 interfaces are evolutionarily highly conserved and comprise a large number of residues affected by somatic cancer mutations. We quantified contributions of protein regions to the ASCC2-ASCC3 interaction, observing that changes found in cancers lead to reduced ASCC2-ASCC3 affinity. Functional dissection of ASCC3 revealed similar organization and regulation as in the spliceosomal RNA helicase, Brr2. Our results delineate functional regions in an important DNA repair complex and suggest possible molecular disease principles.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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