Membrane-Cytoskeleton Mechanical Feedback Mediated by Myosin-I Controls Phagocytic Efficiency

Sarah R. Barger, Nicholas S. Reilly, Maria S. Shutova, Qingsen Li, Paolo Maiuri, Mark S. Mooseker, Richard A. Flavell, Tatyana Svitkina, Patrick W. Oakes, Mira Krendel, and Nils Gauthier

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Oct 03, 2018
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Received Date: 13th September 2018

Phagocytosis of invading pathogens or cellular debris requires a dramatic change in cell shape driven by actin polymerization. For antibody-covered targets, phagocytosis is thought to proceed through the sequential engagement of Fc-receptors on the phagocyte with antibodies on the target surface, leading to the extension and closure of the phagocytic cup around the target. We have found that two actin-dependent molecular motors, class 1 myosins myosin 1e and myosin 1f, are specifically localized to Fc-receptor adhesions and required for efficient phagocytosis of antibody-opsonized targets. Using primary macrophages lacking both myosin 1e and myosin 1f, we found that without the actin-membrane linkage mediated by these myosins, the organization of individual adhesions is compromised, leading to excessive actin polymerization, slower adhesion turnover, and deficient phagocytic internalization. This work identifies a novel role for class 1 myosins in coordinated adhesion turnover during phagocytosis and supports a model for a membrane-tension based feedback mechanism for phagocytic cup closure.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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