Fast multifrequency measurement of nonlinear conductance
Riccardo Borgani, Mojtaba Gilzad Kohan, Alberto Vomiero, and David B. Haviland
Received Date: 27th September 2018
Low noise measurement of small currents in nanometer-scale junctions is of central importance to the characterization of novel high-performance devices and materials for applications ranging from energy harvesting and energy conversion to topological materials for quantum computers. The high resistance of these junctions and the stray capacitance of their measurement leads impose speed limitations (tens of seconds) on the traditional methods of measuring their nonlinear conductance, making detailed investigations of change with external fields or maps of variation over a surface impractical, if not impossible. Here we demonstrate fast (milliseconds) reconstruction of nonlinear current-voltage characteristics from phase-coherent multifrequency lock-in data using the inverse Fourier transform. The measurement technique allows for separation of the galvanic and displacement currents in the junction and easy cancellation of parasitic displacement current due to the measurement leads. We use the method to reveal nanometer-scale variations in the electrical transport properties of organic photovoltaic and semiconducting thin films. The method has broad applicability and its wide-spread implementation promises advancement in high-speed and high-resolution characterization for nanotechnology.
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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.