PP4 phosphatase cooperates in recombinational DNA repair by enhancing double-strand break end resection
María Teresa Villoria, Pilar Gutiérrez-Escribano, Facundo Ramos, Esmeralda Alonso-Rodríguez, Eva Merino, Alex Montoya, Holger Kramer, Luis Aragón and Andrés Clemente-Blanco
Received Date: 31st October 18
The role of Rad53 in response to a DNA lesion is central for the accurate orchestration of the DNA damage response. Rad53 activation relies on its phosphorylation by the Mec1 kinase and its own auto-phosphorylation in a manner dependent on the adaptor Rad9. While the mechanism behind Rad53 phosphorylation and activation has been well documented, less is known about the processes that counteract its kinase activity during the response to DNA damage. Here, we describe that PP4 phosphatase dephosphorylates Rad53 during the repair of a double-strand break, a process that impacts on the phosphorylation status of multiple factors involved in the DNA damage response. PP4-dependent Rad53 dephosphorylation stimulates DNA end resection by relieving the negative effect that Rad9 exerts over the Sgs1/Dna2 exonuclease complex. Consequently, elimination of PP4 activity affects DNA resection and repair by single-strand annealing, defects that are bypassed by reducing the hyper-phosphorylation state of Rad53 observed in the absence of the phosphatase. These results confirm that Rad53 is one of the main targets of PP4 during the repair of a DNA lesion and demonstrate that the attenuation of its kinase activity during the initial steps of the repair process is essential to efficiently enhance recombinational DNA repair pathways that depend on long-range resection.
Read in full at bioRxiv.
This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.