Extreme genetic signatures of local adaptation during plant colonization

Niraj Shah, Tomomi Wakabayashi, Yasuko Kawamura, Cathrine Kiel Skovbjerg, MingZhuo Wang, Yusdar Mustamin, Yoshiko Isomura, Vikas Gupta, Haojie Jin, Terry Mun, Niels Sandal, Fuyuki Azuma, Eigo Fukai, Ümit Seren, Shohei Kusakabe, Yuki Kikuchi, Shogo Nitanda, Takashi Kumaki, Mads Sønderkær, Kaare Lehmann Nielsen, Korbinian Schneeberger, Jens Stougaard, Shusei Sato, Mikkel Heide Schierup, and Stig Uggerhøj Andersen

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Jan 04, 2019

Received Date: 14th December 18

Colonization of new habitats is expected to require genetic adaptations to overcome environmental challenges. Here we use full genome re-sequencing and extensive common garden experiments to investigate demographic and selective processes associated with the recent colonization of Japan by Lotus japonicus. We carefully track the colonization process where L. japonicus gradually spread from subtropical conditions to much colder climates in northern Japan. We characterize the loss of diversity during this process and identify genomic regions with extreme genetic differentiation. Next, we perform population structure-corrected association mapping of phenotypic traits measured in a common garden and discover a number of genome-wide significant associations. Contrasting these analyses, we find that there is a strong concordance between phenotypic variation and extreme differentiation for overwintering and flowering time traits. Our results provide evidence that these traits were direct targets of selection by local adaptation during the colonization process and point to associated candidate genes.

Read in full at bioRxiv.

This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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Nature Communications

Nature Research, Springer Nature