Exercise-stimulated muscle ROS production and glucose uptake requires NADPH oxidase 2

Carlos Henríquez-Olguin, Jonas R. Knudsen, Steffen H. Raun, Zhencheng Li, Emilie Dalbram, Jonas T. Treebak, Lykke Sylow, Erik A. Richter, Enrique Jaimovich, and Thomas E. Jensen

Jan 22, 2019

Received Date: 21st November 18

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as intracellular compartmentalized second messengers mediating metabolic stress-adaptation. In skeletal muscle fibers, ROS have been suggested to stimulate glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4)-dependent glucose transport during artificially evoked contraction ex vivo but whether myocellular ROS production is stimulated by in vivo exercise to control metabolism is unclear. Here, we combined exercise in humans and mice with fluorescent dyes, genetically-encoded biosensors, and NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) loss-of-function models to demonstrate that NOX2 is the main source of ROS during moderate-intensity exercise in skeletal muscle. Furthermore, two NOX2 loss-of-function mouse models lacking either p47phox or Rac1 presented striking phenotypic similarities, including greatly reduced exercise-stimulated glucose uptake and GLUT4 translocation. These findings indicate that NOX2 is a major myocellular ROS source regulating glucose transport capacity during moderate intensity exercise.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

Nature Communications

Nature Research, Springer Nature