An evolutionarily conserved mechanism for production of secondary meristems in land plants

Yukiko Yasui, Shigeyuki Tsukamoto, Tomomi Sugaya, Ryuichi Nishihama, Quan Wang, Katsuyuki T. Yamato, Hidehiro Fukaki, Tetsuro Mimura, Hiroyoshi Kubo, Klaus Theres, Takayuki Kohchi, and Kimitsune Ishizaki

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Feb 26, 2019
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Received Date: 11th February 19

A variety of plants in diverse taxa can reproduce asexually via vegetative propagation, in which clonal propagules with new meristem(s) are generated directly from vegetative organs. A basal land plant, Marchantia polymorpha, develops clonal propagules, gemmae, in a specialized receptacle, gemma cup. Here we report an R2R3-MYB transcription factor, designated GEMMA CUP-ASSOCIATED MYB 1 (GCAM1), which is an essential regulator of gemma cup development in M. polymorpha. Although gemma cups are a characteristic gametophyte organ for vegetative reproduction in a taxonomically restricted group of liverwort species, phylogenetic and interspecific complementation analyses supported the orthologous relationship of GCAM1 to regulatory factors for axillary meristem formation, e.g. Arabidopsis RAXs and tomato Blind, in angiosperm sporophytes. The present findings in M. polymorpha suggest an ancient acquisition of a regulatory mechanism for production of secondary meristems, and the use of the mechanism for diverse developmental programs during land plant evolution.

Read in full at bioRxiv.

This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.


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Nature Communications

Nature Research, Springer Nature