HILPDA uncouples lipid storage in adipose tissue macrophages from inflammation and metabolic dysregulation

Xanthe A.M.H. van Dierendonck, Montserrat A. de la Rosa Rodriguez, Anastasia Georgiadi, Frits Mattijssen, Wieneke Dijk, Michel van Weeghel, Rajat Singh, Jan Willem Borst, Rinke Stienstra, Sander Kersten

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Apr 12, 2019
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Received Date: 1st March 19

Obesity promotes accumulation of lipid-laden macrophages in adipose tissue. Here, we determined the role of macrophage lipid accumulation in the development of obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation, using mice with myeloid-specific deficiency of the lipid-inducible HILPDA protein. HILPDA deficiency in bone marrow-derived macrophages markedly reduced intracellular lipid levels and accumulation of fluorescently-labeled fatty acids in lipid droplets. Decreased lipid storage in HILPDA-deficient macrophages could be almost completely rescued by inhibition of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) and was associated with increased oxidative metabolism. In diet-induced obese mice, HILPDA deficiency did not alter inflammatory or metabolic parameters, despite markedly reducing lipid storage in adipose tissue macrophages. Our data indicate that HILPDA is a lipid-induced physiological inhibitor of ATGL-mediated lipolysis that uncouples lipid storage in adipose tissue macrophages from inflammation and metabolic dysregulation. Overall, our data question the importance of lipid storage in adipose tissue macrophages in obesity-induced inflammation and metabolic dysregulation.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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Nature Research, Springer Nature