Dissecting the cellular specificity of smoking effects and reconstructing lineages in the human airway epithelium

Katherine C. Goldfarbmuren, Nathan D. Jackson, Satria P. Sajuthi, Nathan Dyjack, Katie S. Li, Cydney L. Rios, Elizabeth G. Plender, Michael T. Montgomery, Jamie L. Everman, Eszter K. Vladar, Max A. Seibold

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Apr 26, 2019

Received Date: 17th April 19

Cigarette smoke first interacts with the lung through the cellularly diverse airway epithelium and goes on to drive development of most chronic lung diseases. Here, through single cell RNA-sequencing analysis of the tracheal epithelium from smokers and nonsmokers, we generated a comprehensive atlas of epithelial cell types and states, connected these into lineages, and defined cell-specific responses to smoking. Our analysis inferred multi-state lineages that develop into surface mucus secretory and ciliated cells and contrasted these to the unique lineage and specialization of submucosal gland (SMG) cells. Our analysis also suggests a lineage relationship between tuft, pulmonary neuroendocrine, and the newly discovered CFTR-rich ionocyte cells. Our smoking analysis found that all cell types, including protected stem and SMG populations, are affected by smoking, through both pan-epithelial smoking response networks and hundreds of cell type-specific response genes, redefining the penetrance and cellular specificity of smoking effects on the human airway epithelium.

Read in full at bioRxiv.

This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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Nature Communications

Nature Research, Springer Nature