Interspecific introgression mediates adaptation to whole genome duplication

Sarah Marburger, Patrick Monnahan, Paul J. Seear, Simon H. Martin, Jordan Koch, Pirita Paajanen, Magdalena Bohutínská, James D. Higgins, Roswitha Schmickl, and Levi Yant

May 21, 2019

Received date 1st May 19

Adaptive gene flow is a consequential evolutionary phenomenon across all kingdoms of life. While recognition of widespread gene flow is growing, examples lack of bidirectional gene flow mediating adaptations at specific loci that cooperatively manage core cellular processes. We previously described concerted molecular changes among physically interacting members of the meiotic machinery controlling crossover number and distribution upon adaptation to whole genome duplication (WGD) in Arabidopsis arenosa. Here we conduct a population genomic study to test the hypothesis that escape from extinction following the trauma of WGD was mediated by adaptive gene flow between A. arenosa and its congener Arabidopsis lyrata. We show that A. lyrata underwent WGD more recently than A. arenosa, indicating that specific pre-adapted alleles donated by A. arenosa underwent selection and rescued the nascent A. lyrata tetraploids from early extinction. At the same time, we detect specific signals of gene flow in the opposite direction at other functionally interacting gene coding loci that display dramatic signatures of selective sweep in both tetraploid species. Cytological analysis shows that A. lyrata tetraploids exhibit similar levels of meiotic stability as A. arenosa tetraploids. Taken together, these data indicate that bidirectional gene flow allowed for an escape from extinction of the young autopolyploids, especially the rare tetraploid A. lyrata, and suggest that the merger of these species is greater than the sum of their parts.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

Nature Communications

Nature Research, Springer Nature