Myeloid Lineage Enhancers Drive Oncogene Synergy in CEBPA/CSF3R Mutant Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Theodore P. Braun, Mariam Okhovat, Cody Coblentz, Sarah A. Carratt, Amy Foley, Zachary Schonrock, Kimberly Nevonen, Brett Davis, Brianna Garcia, Dorian LaTocha, Benjamin R. Weeder, Michal R. Grzadkowski, Joey C. Estabrook, Hannah G. Manning, Kevin Watanabe-Smith, Jenny L. Smith, Amanda R. Leonti, Rhonda E. Ries, Sophia Jeng, Shannon McWeeney, Cristina Di Genua, Roy Drissen, Claus Nerlov, Soheil Meshinchi, Lucia Carbone, Brian J. Druker, Julia E. Maxson

May 28, 2019
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Received Date: 14th May 19

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) develops due to the acquisition of mutations from multiple functional classes. Here, we demonstrate that activating mutations in the granulocyte colony stimulating factor receptor (CSF3R), cooperate with loss of function mutations in the transcription factor CEBPA to promote acute leukemia development. This finding of mutation-synergy is broadly applicable other mutations that activate the JAK/STAT pathway or disrupt CEBPA function (i.e. activating mutations in JAK3 and Core Binding Factor translocations). The interaction between these distinct classes of mutations occurs at the level of myeloid lineage enhancers where mutant CEBPA prevents activation of subset of differentiation associated enhancers. To confirm this enhancer-dependent mechanism, we demonstrate that CEBPA mutations must occur as the initial event in AML initiation, confirming predictions from clinical sequencing data. This improved mechanistic understanding will facilitate therapeutic development targeting the intersection of oncogene cooperativity.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

Nature Communications

Nature Research, Springer Nature