Topological-chiral magnetic interactions driven by emergent orbital magnetism

S. Grytsiuk, J.-P. Hanke, M. Hoffmann, J. Bouaziz, O. Gomonay, G. Bihlmayer, S. Lounis, Y. Mokrousov, and S. Blugel

May 28, 2019
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Received Date: 9th May 19

Two hundred years ago, André-Marie Ampère discovered that electric loops in which currents of electrons are generated by a penetrating magnetic field can interact with each other. Here we show that Ampère's observation can be transferred to the quantum realm of interactions between triangular plaquettes of spins on a lattice, where the electrical currents at the atomic scale are associated with a peculiar type of the orbital motion of electrons in response to the non-coplanarity of neighbouring spins playing the role of a magnetic field. The resulting topological orbital moment underlies the relation of the orbital dynamics with the topology of the spin structure. We demonstrate that the interactions of the topological orbital moments with each other and with the spins of the underlying lattice give rise to a new class of magnetic interactions - topological-chiral interactions - which can dominate over the celebrated Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, thus opening a path for the realization of new classes of chiral magnetic materials with three-dimensional magnetization textures such as magnetic hopfions.

Read in full at arXiv.

This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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