Chromosome organization by a conserved condensin-ParB system in the actinobacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum

Kati Böhm, Giacomo Giacomelli, Andreas Schmidt, Axel Imhof, Romain Koszul, Martial Marbouty, and Marc Bramkamp

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May 28, 2019
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Received Date: 2nd May 19

Higher-order chromosome folding and segregation is tightly regulated in all domains of life. In bacteria, details on nucleoid organization regulatory mechanisms and function remains poorly characterized, especially in non-model species. Here, we investigate the role of DNA partitioning protein ParB and condensin complexes, two key players in bacterial chromosome structuring, in the actinobacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum. Chromosome conformation capture reveals SMC-mediated long-range interactions around ten centromere-like parS sites clustered at the replication origin (oriC). At least one oriC-proximal parS site is necessary for a reliable chromosome segregation. Using a combination of chromatin immunoprecipitation and photoactivated single molecule localization microscopy evidences the formation of distinct ParB-nucleoprotein subclusters in dependence of parS numbers. We further identified and functionally characterized two condensin paralogs. Whereas SMC/ScpAB complexes are loaded via ParB at parS sites mediating chromosomal inter-arm contacts like in Bacillus subtilis, the MukBEF-like SMC complex MksBEFG does not contribute to chromosomal DNA-folding. Rather, the MksBEFG complex is involved in plasmid maintenance and interacts with the polar oriC-tethering factor DivIVA. These data complement current models of ParB-SMC/ScpAB crosstalk, while showing that some condensin complexes evolved functions uncoupled from chromosome folding.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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