SYCP2 translocation-mediated dysregulation and frameshift variants are novel causes of human male infertility

Samantha L.P. Schilit, Shreya Menon, Corinna Friedrich, Tammy Kammin, Ellen Wilch, Carrie Hanscom, Sizun Jiang, Sabine Kliesch, Michael E. Talkowski, Frank Tüttelmann, Amy J. MacQueen, Cynthia C. Morton

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Jun 10, 2019

Received Date: 31st May 19

Infertility is one of the most common disorders for men of reproductive age. To identify novel genetic etiologies, we studied a male with severe oligozoospermia and 46,XY,t(20;22)(q13.3;q11.2). We identified exclusive overexpression of SYCP2 from the der(20) allele that is hypothesized to result from enhancer adoption. Modeling the dysregulation in budding yeast resulted in disruption of the synaptonemal complex, a common cause of defective spermatogenesis in mammals. Exome sequencing of infertile males revealed three novel heterozygous SYCP2 frameshift variants in additional subjects with cryptozoospermia and azoospermia. This study provides the first evidence of SYCP2-mediated male infertility in humans.

Read in full at bioRxiv.

This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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Nature Communications

Nature Research, Springer Nature