Impaired peroxisomal import in Drosophila hepatocyte-like cells induces cardiac dysfunction through the pro-inflammatory cytokine Upd3

Kerui Huang, Ting Miao, Kai Chang, Ping Kang, Qiuhan Jiang, Andrew J. Simmonds, Francesca Di Cara, Hua Bai

Jun 19, 2019

Received Date: 31st May 19

Age is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Currently, the non-autonomous regulation of age-related cardiac dysfunction is poorly understood. In the present study, we discover that age-dependent induction of cytokine unpaired 3 (Upd3) in Drosophila oenocytes (hepatocyte-like cells), due to a dampened peroxisomal import function, is the primary non-autonomous mechanism for elevated arrhythmicity in old hearts. We show that Upd3 is significantly up-regulated (52-fold) in aged oenocytes. Oenocyte-specific knockdown of Upd3 is sufficient to block aging-induced cardiac arrhythmia. We further show that the age-dependent induction of Upd3 is triggered by impaired peroxisomal import and elevated JNK signaling in aged oenocytes. Intriguingly, oenocyte-specific over-expression of Pex5, the key peroxisomal import receptor, restores peroxisomal import, blocks age-related Upd3 induction, and alleviates aging- and paraquat-induced cardiac arrhythmicity. Thus, our studies identify an important role of the evolutionarily conserved pro-inflammatory cytokine signaling and hepatocyte-specific peroxisomal import in mediating non-autonomous regulation of cardiac aging.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

Nature Communications

Nature Research, Springer Nature