Caveolae coupling of melanocytes signaling and mechanics is required for human skin pigmentation

Lia Domingues, Ilse Hurbain, Floriane Gilles-Marsens, Nathalie André, Melissa Dewulf, Maryse Romao, Christine Viaris de Lesegno, Cédric Blouin, Christelle Guéré, Katell Vié, Graça Raposo, Christophe Lamaze, and Cédric Delevoye

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Jul 22, 2019
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Received Date: 24th June 19

Tissue homeostasis requires regulation of cell-cell communication, which relies on signaling molecules and cell contacts. In skin epidermis, keratinocytes secrete specific factors transduced by melanocytes into signaling cues to promote their pigmentation and dendrite outgrowth, while melanocytes transfer melanin pigments to keratinocytes to convey skin photoprotection. How epidermal cells integrate these functions remains poorly characterized. Here, we found that caveolae polarize in melanocytes and are particularly abundant at melanocyte-keratinocyte interface. Caveolae in melanocytes are sensitive to ultra-violet radiations and miRNAs released by keratinocytes. Preventing caveolae formation in melanocytes results in increased production of intracellular cAMP and melanin pigments, but decreases cell protrusions, cell-cell contacts, pigment transfer and epidermis pigmentation. Altogether, our data establish that, in melanocytes, caveolae serve as key molecular hubs that couple signaling outputs from keratinocytes to mechanical plasticity. This process is crucial to maintain cell-cell contacts and intercellular communication, skin pigmentation and tissue homeostasis.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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Nature Research, Springer Nature