Polaritonic Molecular Clock: All-Optical Ultrafast Imaging of Wavepacket Dynamics without Probe Pulses

R. E. F. Silva, Javier del Pino, Francisco J. García-Vidal and Johannes Feist

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Sep 04, 2019
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Received Date: 15th August 19

Conventional approaches to probing ultrafast molecular dynamics rely on the use of synchronized laser pulses with a well-defined time delay. Typically, a pump pulse excites a wavepacket in the molecule. A subsequent probe pulse can then dissociates or ionizes the molecule, and measurement of the molecular fragments provides information about where the wavepacket was for each time delay. In this work, we propose to exploit the ultrafast nuclear-position-dependent emission obtained due to large light-matter coupling in plasmonic nanocavities to image wavepacket dynamics using only a single pump pulse. We show that the time-resolved emission from the cavity provides information about when the wavepacket passes a given region in nuclear configuration space. This approach can image both cavity-modified dynamics on polaritonic (hybrid light-matter) potentials in the strong light-matter coupling regime as well as bare-molecule dynamics in the intermediate coupling regime of large Purcell enhancements, and provides a new route towards ultrafast molecular spectroscopy with plasmonic nanocavities.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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