Structure of E3 ligase E6AP with a novel proteasome-binding site provided by substrate receptor hRpn10
Gwen R. Buel, Xiang Chen, Raj Chari, Maura J. O’Neill, Danielle L. Ebelle, Conor Jenkins, Vinidhra Sridharan, Sergey G. Tarasov, Nadya I. Tarasova, Thorkell Andresson and Kylie J. Walters
Received Date: 1st October 19
Regulated proteolysis by the proteasome involves ~800 enzymes for substrate modification with ubiquitin, of which ~600 are E3 ligases. We report here that E6AP/UBE3A is distinguished from other ubiquitin E3 ligases by having a 12 nM binding site at the proteasome contributed by substrate receptor hRpn10/PSMD4/S5a. Intrinsically disordered by itself, and previously uncharacterized, this domain in hRpn10 locks into a novel well-defined helical structure to form an intermolecular 4-helix bundle with the E6AP AZUL domain, which is unique to this E3. We thus name the hRpn10 AZUL-binding domain RAZUL. We further find in human cells that loss of RAZUL by CRISPR-based gene editing leads to loss of E6AP at the proteasome, where associated ubiquitin is correspondingly reduced, suggesting that E6AP ubiquitinates substrates at or for the proteasome. Altogether, our findings indicate E6AP to be a privileged E3 for the proteasome, with a dedicated, high affinity binding site contributed by hRpn10.
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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.