LITESEC-T3SS - Light-controlled protein delivery into eukaryotic cells with high spatial and temporal resolution

Florian Lindner, Bailey Milne-Davies, Katja Langenfeld, and Andreas Diepold

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Oct 18, 2019
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Received Date: 25th September 19

Many bacteria employ a type III secretion system (T3SS), also called injectisome, to translocate proteins into eukaryotic host cells through a hollow extracellular needle. The system can efficiently transport heterologous cargo, which makes it a uniquely suited tool for the translocation of proteins into eukaryotic cells. However, the injectisome indiscriminately injects proteins into any adjoining eukaryotic cell, and this lack of target specificity currently limits its application in biotechnology and healthcare. In this study, we exploit the dynamic nature of the T3SS to control protein secretion and translocation into eukaryotic cells by light. By combining optogenetic interaction switches with the dynamic cytosolic T3SS component SctQ, the cytosolic availability of SctQ and in consequence T3SS-dependent effector secretion can be regulated by external light. The resulting system, which we call LITESEC-T3SS (Light-induced translocation of effectors through sequestration of endogenous components of the T3SS), allows rapid, specific, and reversible activation or deactivation of the T3SS upon illumination. We demonstrate the application of the system for light-regulated translocation of a heterologous reporter protein into cultured eukaryotic cells. LITESEC-T3SS represents a new method to achieve unparalleled spatial and temporal resolution for the controlled protein translocation into eukaryotic host cells.

Read in full at bioRxiv.

This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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