Dielectric permittivity of aqueous solutions of electrolytes probed by THz time-domain and FTIR spectroscopy

A. De Ninno, E. Nikollari, M. Missori, F. Frezza

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Oct 23, 2019
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Received Date: 2nd October 19

In spite of a large number of papers published in the last twenty years in the literature, the basic model of liquid water is still controversial. We have measured the dielectric permittivity of pure water and aqueous chlorides solutions in the range 0.2-1.5 THz and we have found that the overall dielectric behavior can be satisfactorily described with the weighted average of two single time-constant Debye functions. The weights of the two components have been obtained by infrared spectra analysis and are related to two populations of water molecules having a different long-range organization.  The resulting functions allow to fit the experimental data for pure water and solutions of LiCl, KCl, NaCl, and CsCl and to predict the excess response on the high frequency side of the relaxation without “ad hoc” corrective terms. These findings point to the evidence of two fluids in liquid water at normal temperature and pressure.

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