Neuropsychiatric mutations delineate functional brain connectivity dimensions contributing to autism and schizophrenia
Clara Moreau, et al.
Received Date: 16th November 19
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16p11.2 and 22q11.2 Copy Number Variants (CNVs) confer high risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), schizophrenia (SZ), and Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD), but their impact on functional connectivity (FC) networks remains unclear.
We analyzed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 101 CNV carriers, 755 individuals with idiopathic ASD, SZ, or ADHD and 1,072 controls. We used CNV FC-signatures to identify major dimensions contributing to complex idiopathic conditions.
CNVs had large mirror effects on FC at the global and regional level, and their effect-sizes were twice as large as those of idiopathic conditions. Thalamus, somatomotor, and posterior insula regions played a critical role in dysconnectivity shared across deletions, duplications, idiopathic ASD, SZ but not ADHD. Individuals with higher similarity to deletion FC-signatures exhibited worse behavioral and cognitive symptoms. These seemingly distinct neuropsychiatric mutations showed similar gene co-expression patterns and converged on FC dimensions, that may represent mechanistic building blocks shared across idiopathic conditions.
Read in full at bioRxiv.
This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.