Molecular stratification of endometrioid ovarian carcinoma predicts clinical outcome

Robert Hollis, John P Thomson, Barbara Stanley, Michael Churchman, Alison Meynert, Tzyvia Rye, Clare Bartos, Yasushi Iida, Ian Croy, Melanie Mackean, Fiona Nussey, Aikou Okamoto, Colin A.M. Semple, Charlie Gourley, C Simon Herrington

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Received Date: 2nd March 20

Endometrioid ovarian carcinoma (EnOC) is an under-investigated type of ovarian carcinoma. Here, we report the largest genomic study of EnOCs to date, performing whole exome sequencing of 112 cases following rigorous pathological assessment. High frequencies of mutation were detected in CTNNB1(43%), PIK3CA(43%), ARID1A(36%), PTEN(29%), TP53(26%) and SOX8(19%), a novel target of recurrent mutation in EnOC. POLE and mismatch repair protein-encoding genes were mutated at lower frequency (6%, 18%) with significant co-occurrence. A molecular taxonomy was constructed using a novel algorithm (PRISTINE), identifying clinically distinct EnOC subtypes: TP53m cases demonstrated greater genomic complexity, were frequently FIGO stage III/IV at diagnosis (48%) and incompletely debulked (44%), and demonstrated inferior survival; conversely, CTNNB1m cases demonstrated low complexity and excellent clinical outcome, were predominantly stage I/II at diagnosis (89%) and completely resected (87%). Tumour complexity provides further resolution within the TP53wt/CTNNB1wt group. Moreover, we identify the WNT, MAPK/RAS and PI3K pathways as good candidate targets for molecular therapeutics in EnOC.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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