Operando direct observation of spin states correlated with device performance in perovskite solar cells

Takahiro Watanabe, Toshihiro Yamanari, Kazuhiro Marumoto

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Received Date: 12th April 20

Perovskite solar cells are one of the most attracting cells because of remarkably improved power conversion efficiency (PCE) recently.  Toward their practical application, it is important not only to increase the PCE but also to elucidate the deterioration mechanism.  Here, we present operando direct observation of spin states in the cells using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy in order to investigate the operation and deterioration mechanisms from a microscopic viewpoint.  By simultaneous measurements of solar-cell and ESR characteristics of the same cell, the spin states in the hole-transport material (HTM) spiro-OMeTAD are demonstrated to be changed at the molecular level, which varies the device performance under device operation.  These variations are ascribed to the change of hole transport by charge-carrier scatterings and filling of deep trapping levels in the HTM, and to interfacial electric dipole layers formed at the HTM interfaces.  In addition, reverse electron transfer from TiO2 layer to the HTM layer is directly demonstrated at the molecular level under ultraviolet light irradiation, which causes the decrease in the HTM doping effect.  Thus, conducting such operando microscopic investigation on the internal states in the cells would be useful to obtain a new further guideline for improving the device performance and durability.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.

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