Dispersion state phase diagram of citrate-coated metallic nanoparticles in saline solutions
Sebastian Franco-Ulloa, Giuseppina Tatulli, Sigbjørn Løland Bore, Mauro Moglianetti, Pier Paolo Pompa, Michele Cascella and Marco De Vivo
Received Date: 14th April 20
The fundamental interactions underlying citrate-mediated chemical stability of metal nanoparticles (NPs), and their surface characteristics dictating particle dispersion/aggregation in aqueous solutions, are largely unclear. Here, we used a newly developed theoretical model to estimate the stoichiometry of citrate molecules chemisorbed onto spherical metallic NPs and define the uncovered solvent-accessible surface area of the NP. Then, we exploited two-body free energy calculations and extended coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations of citrate-capped metallic NPs in saline solutions to explore an experimentally relevant range of NP charge, as well as the electrolytic medium’s ionic strength, a known trigger for aggregation. In this way, we define dispersion state phase diagrams of citrate-capped metal nanocolloids. UV-vis spectroscopy experiments validated our predictions and extended our results to NPs up to 35 nm. Altogether, our results disclose a complex interplay between the particle size, its surface charge density, and the ionic strength of the medium, which ultimately clarifies how these variables impact colloidal stability.
Read in full at ChemRxiv.
This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on an independent third party site. It has not been peer reviewed but is currently under consideration at Nature Communications.