Nonlinear analog spintronics with van der Waals heterostructures

S. Omar, M. Gurram, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M.H.D. Guimarães, B.J. van Wees

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Received Date: 14th March 20

The current generation of spintronic devices, which use electron-spin relies on linear operations for spin-injection, transport and detection processes. The existence of nonlinearity in a spintronic device is indispensable for spin-based complex signal processing operations. Here we for the first time demonstrate the presence of electron- spin dependent nonlinearity in a spintronic device, and measure up to 4th harmonic spin-signals via nonlocal spin-valve and Hanle spin-precession measurements. We demonstrate its application for analog signal processing over pure spin-signals such as amplitude modulation and heterodyne detection operations which require nonlinearity as an essential element. Furthermore, we show that the presence of nonlinearity in the spin- signal has an amplifying effect on the energy-dependent conductivity induced nonlinear spin- to-charge conversion effect. The interaction of the two spin-dependent nonlinear effects in the spin transport channel leads to a highly efficient detection of the spin-signal without using ferromagnets. These effects are measured both at 4K and room temperature, and are suitable for their applications as nonlinear circuit elements in the fields of advanced-spintronics and spin-based neuromorphic computing.

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